Hockey – A take a look at the historical past of the game


India is essentially the most profitable workforce in Area Hockey at Olympics, with 11 medals in whole, together with 8 gold medals. From 1928 to 1956, India gained consecutive six gold medals, which is a file even at the moment. The golden period of Indian hockey ended with a gold medal on the 1980 Moscow Olympics.

After the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics, India has not even completed as soon as within the prime 5, and from then India has seen a downslide within the sport. Let’s take a look on the journey of the Indian hockey workforce on the Olympics over time.

1928 Amsterdam Olympics

Hockey was a part of 1908 and 1920 video games however India did not take part in both of them It was the primary look on the Olympics within the title of British India. There have been solely three officers from Indian Hockey Federation went to Bombay port to see them off as no one had any expectations on them however once they returned there have been hundreds of individuals giving them welcome. Whole of 9 groups participated on this competitors with India put in group A alongside Belgium, Denmark, Switzerland and Austria. The nationwide icon Dhyan Chand, who’s being talked about by individuals even at the moment, was the star of India’s marketing campaign scoring 14 out of 29 objectives. His hat-trick in opposition to the finalist Holland has a particular place in historical past, getting India its first Olympic gold medal.

Indian hockey workforce at 1928 Olympics (Supply: Wikipedia)

1932 Los Angeles Olympics

India took 42 days sea voyage to achieve Los Angeles. There have been solely three groups within the completion and India had scored file 35 objectives in opposition to each USA and Japan. India defeated Japan 11-1 of their first match however most memorable second for the workforce got here when the rating line learn 24-1 in opposition to the host USA. India gained each the matches in opposition to USA and Japan which made them Olympic champion for the consecutive time.

Indian hockey at 1932 Olympic (Supply: Sankalp Basis)

1936 Berlin Olympics

Dhyan Chand was the captain of the Indian workforce on this Olympics. It was a 8-team and India was positioned in group A alongside Hungary, United States and Japan. Towards group stage opponents India scored 20 objectives with out conceding any objective. Then within the semi-final, India defeated France 10-0 which set a conflict aginst Germany within the last. Within the last, India defeated hosts Germany with a margin of 8-1. Nevertheless, it was on this Olympics, Hitler took discover of Dhyan Chand’s expertise and provided him German citizenship.

Indian hockey workforce on the 1936 Olympics (Supply: Wikimedia Commons)

1948 London Olympics

This was the primary Olympics after 1940 and 1944 Olympics have been cancelled on account of World Warfare. This was a historic Olympics for Indian hockey as a result of Pakistan and India have been separated as impartial nations which meant the workforce which performed within the Berlin Olympics was divided into two. Within the last there was an enormous crowd of 25000 individuals in Wembley stadium at which India defeated Nice Britain 4-0 within the last to win the fourth consecutive gold medal, and this occurred to be the primary gold medal for impartial India.

Indian hockey workforce at 1948 Olympics (Supply: Olympic Channel)

1952 Helsinki Olympics

This Olympics had 13 groups in competitors enjoying on Knock-out foundation. India acquired a bye within the first spherical and they also performed in opposition to Austria within the quarter-final. Indian workforce easily sailed into the ultimate having Netherlands ready for them within the last. India defeated Netherland and continued the streak by profitable its fifth consecutive gold medal within the Olympics. India Balbir Singh scored 9 objectives out of 13 objectives scored by India and Captain Digvijay Singh was honoured with the titles like ‘Finest sportsman of Asia’ and ‘Finest hockey participant on this planet’.

1956 Melbourne Olympics

Indian hockey contingent for this Olympics had some skilled gamers like Balbir Singh Sr, Leslie Claudius, Randhir Singh Light and Ranganathan Francis who have been all enjoying of their third Olympics. This competitors had 12 groups divided into 3 teams. India ended their group stage matches with 36 objectives in whole which resulted in a Semi-final conflict in opposition to Germany the place India gained with a detailed margin of 1-0. Then, India had its arch-rivals Pakistan because the opponent within the finals. The finals occurred on the Melbourne Cricket Floor (MCG) at which India defeated Pakistan 1-0 profitable the sixth gold medal on the trot.

Indian hockey on the 1956 Olympics (Supply: Prasar Bharati)

1960 Rome Olympics

With having Balbir Singh Sr retired kind hockey, Leslie Claudius in his fourth Olympics captained the facet on this Olympics. India was put alongside Denmark, Netherlands and New Zealand within the group levels which they gained comfortably and sailed to the knockouts. India had a really shut match in opposition to Nice Britain within the semi-final with a objective from Udham Singh making the distinction. India once more had Pakistan as their opponent within the last however this time they’d 8 of their 11 gamers who had already performed in opposition to India in 1956 Olympics last. Within the last, India suffered a surprising defeat 0-1 to Pakistan within the last which ended their gold medal streak.

India on the 1960 Olympics (Supply: Olympic Channel)

1964 Tokyo Olympics

With reminiscences of 1960 Olympics loss to Pakistan and 1962 Asia cup loss to Pakistan, India was very decided to win a gold medal right here. Charanjit Singh was the captain of the facet taking the workforce simply by way of to the finals. India once more squared up in opposition to Pakistan which was regarded to be tough finals the place gamers from each side have been enjoying so roughly that umpires needed to intervene. Within the last, India gained its seventh gold medal by defeating Pakistan due to Mohinder Lal’s penalty conversion which was the one objective scored within the last.

Indian hockey workforce on the 1964 Olympics (Supply: Olympic Channel)

1968 Mexico Olympics

Hockey’s reputation was on the rise in each Europe and Asia. India misplaced to New Zealand within the group stage match which additionally occurred to be India’s first defeat in group levels on the Olympics. For first time within the eight Olympics, India didn’t attain the finals on this Olympics once they misplaced to Australia within the semi-finals. Nonetheless, India went on to win a bronze medal by defeating West Germany 2-1 within the third-place play-off.

1972 Munich Olympics

Solely 4 members of the 1968 Olympics have been a part of this workforce. Harmek Singh was the captain of the facet. Additionally Vece Paes, father of Leander Paes was a part of this workforce. India completed group levels unbeaten which comprised of seven groups. India was about to face Pakistan within the semi-final when tragedy caught Olympics which halted the sport for 2 days when Isreali workforce was attacked. Subsequent day, India misplaced to Pakistan within the semi-final and it’s believed that the tragedy affected India’s rhythm. Within the third place play-off, they defeated Holland 2-1 to win a bronze medal.

1976 Montreal Olympics

The enjoying floor in Area hockey noticed a change when astroturf was used as a pitch for the primary time on the video games. With three victories and two losses in group levels, India was tied with Australia which resulted in play-off match between them to resolve second positioned workforce within the group. Australia defeated India within the play-off making it to the semi-finals. First time in 58 years, India was out of the medal competition they usually completed on the seventh place.

1980 Moscow Olympics

After the bronze medal end in 1968 and 1972 and extra surprising 1976 Olympics, India got here again strongly on this Olympics. It was solely 6-team competitors on this Olympics after 9 groups pulled out. India comfortably sailed by way of to the finals and setup a conflict in opposition to Spain within the last. India defeated Spain 4-3 within the finals clinching their eighth gold medal at Olympics. Sadly this occurred to be India’s final Olympics medal in Area Hockey. Indian ladies’s workforce made their debut on the Olympics, ending 4th.

Indian hockey workforce on the 1980 Olympics (Supply: The Hindu)

1984 Los Angeles Olympics

The Olympic competitors had 12 nations taking part in it. India was put in group A alongside Australia, West Germany, Spain, Malaysia and United States. India misplaced solely to Australia within the group matches and the should win sport in opposition to West Germany resulted in a draw which put India out of semi-final berth. In classification matches, India went on to win two extra matches ending at fifth place.

1988 Seoul Olympics

On the again of poor performances in 1986 world cup and different tournaments, Indian workforce travelled to 1988 Olympics with lot of issues relating to choice, captaincy and many others. Pargat Singh was named as captain of the facet which did not go effectively with the seniors because it was solely his debut Olympics. The issues off-field was seen clearly with India shedding to Russia 0-1 and draw in opposition to Germany 1-1 within the subsequent match. Thus, India was positioned in 5-8 classification matches, ending sixth after shedding to Pakistan.

1992 Barcelona Olympics

It was a 12-team competitors on the video games. India was put alongside Argentina, Egypt, Germany, Nice Britain and Australia. India managed to win solely two matches which have been in opposition to Argentina and Egypt. Thus, India was once more put in 5-8 classification matches the place they ended up ending seventh.

1996 Atlanta Olympics

India was put alongside Spain, Germany, Pakistan, Argentina and United States. India was in a position to win solely two matches which have been in opposition to Spain and United States. For the fourth consecutive Olympics, India was in 5-8 classification matches the place they completed eighth after shedding each the matches.

2000 Sydney Olympics

India was put alongside Australia, South Korea, Argentina, Poland and Spain in group B. India managed two wins and two attracts however nonetheless ended up ending third within the group which once more put them into 5-8 classification matches. In classification matches, they misplaced to Nice Britain however gained in opposition to Argentina placing them in seventh place.

2004 Athens Olympics

At 35, Dhanraj Pillay performed in his file fourth Olympics. India was put alongside Netherlands, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Argentina. India gained only one out of 5 league matches managing to complete 4th within the group. India managed to win in opposition to Korea within the 5-8 classification match and ended up at seventh place.

Indian hockey workforce on the 2004 Olympics (Supply: Sportskeeda)

2008 Beijing Olympics

For the primary time in 88 years, India didn’t qualify for the Olympics once they acquired defeated by Nice Britain within the last of the World hockey Olympic qualifying match held at Santiago, Chile. India’s file of 18 appearances at Olympics from 1928 Amsterdam Olympics to 2004 Athens Olympics was damaged.

2012 London Olympics

India was put in group B alongside Netherlands, Germany, Belgium, South Korea, New Zealand and India. India completed final within the group after not profitable a single sport within the competitors. Within the 11-12 classification video games, India misplaced to South Africa 2-3 leading to India’s worst end at Olympics.

2016 Rio Olympics

Males

This Olympics had a brand new format the place prime 4 groups from every group qualify to play in opposition to one another within the knock-outs. India was put alongside Germany, Netherlands, Argentina, Eire and Canada. India gained solely two of its matches in opposition to Eire and Argentina ending 4th of their group. By ending 4th, India had a quarter-final conflict in opposition to Belgium during which India misplaced 1-3. India completed eighth within the total match.

Indian ladies hockey workforce on the 2016 Olympics (Supply: India)

Ladies

Indian ladies certified for the second time to play in Olympics, final time being in 1980. Indian ladies’s workforce have been put alongside Nice Britain, United States, Australia, Argentina and Japan. India was not in a position to win a single match, ended up ending final within the group and within the match too.



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