Prison legislation | The Legislation Society

What’s legal legislation?

The legal legislation units out the definitions of legal offences and the foundations and procedures that apply when the police examine an offence they allege you’ve dedicated; when the prosecuting authorities cost you; and when you need to seem in a legal courtroom. For those who admit the offence or are discovered responsible, the courtroom will impose a punishment on you, starting from fines, neighborhood orders and imprisonment.

Prison legislation solicitors will enable you to in case you are suspected or accused of against the law. When the police allege that you simply have dedicated a legal offence, solicitors can characterize you to verify your authorized rights are protected and to current your case in courtroom to verify you get a good listening to. 

Criminal law questions and answers

Prison offences

There are a variety of legal offences. They embrace offences of violence resembling homicide and manslaughter, sexual offences and non-sexual assaults. Dishonesty offences embrace fraud and theft and offences towards property embrace arson and legal injury. There are crimes towards justice, resembling perjury, or giving false proof below oath, and perverting the course of justice.

Prison legislation solicitors will use their information and expertise to make sure the most effective end result for you and your case.

Highway site visitors offences

Highway site visitors offences embrace rushing, drink driving, careless or harmful driving.

For many individuals, highway site visitors offences are their solely expertise with the police and courts. It is very important discover a solicitor who has specialist expertise of dealing with site visitors offences who can advise you thru the authorized course of.

For minor highway site visitors offences, you might be prone to get a high-quality, and / or factors in your driving licence. For extra critical highway site visitors offences, resembling inflicting damage or loss of life by harmful driving, in addition to dropping your driving licence, you possibly can face going to jail in case you are discovered responsible.

When ought to I contact a solicitor?

Contact a solicitor as quickly as you turn into conscious that you’re being accused of an offence. Whether or not you might be harmless or responsible of a legal or highway site visitors offence, you want the assist of a specialist legal legislation solicitor as quickly as you might be conscious that you’re suspected or accused of against the law.

You need to contact a solicitor even earlier than you converse to the police or go to a police station (if doable), to allow them to let you know what to anticipate, and clarify what your rights are.

Why ought to I’ve a solicitor on the police station?

Being suspected of a legal offence and being questioned by the police, both in a police station or in another place resembling your own home, will be an unfamiliar and scary expertise, so it is necessary that you’ve got the assist of a solicitor as quickly as doable.

Your solicitor is there to characterize your pursuits and ensure your rights are protected. Solicitors are impartial of the police, so they are going to at all times advise what’s greatest for you and your case.

It’s your authorized proper to a have a solicitor freed from cost while you’re below arrest or voluntarily attending a police station, or being interviewed by the police, as a suspect, wherever.

You possibly can ask the police to contact your personal solicitor or, if you happen to don’t have a solicitor or they’re unavailable, ask for an obligation solicitor, who can be found 24/7.

It would not matter how a lot cash you’ve as this service will not be means-tested – it is free for everybody.

What’s authorized assist?

If you’re charged with a legal offence it’s possible you’ll have the option for authorized assist. If you’re eligible for authorized assist which means a authorities company – the Authorized Assist Company – can pay your solicitor some, or all, of your authorized charges. Prison legislation authorized assist is means-tested and so will rely in your revenue and what property you’ve. Authorized assist additionally will depend on the character of the offence you might be charged with, and what courtroom you should go to. You’ll have to pay a contribution in direction of your authorized bills to the Authorized Assist Company.

Prison legislation solicitors will help you to use for authorized assist.

If you don’t qualify for authorized assist it’s possible you’ll want to instruct a solicitor on a personal fee-paying foundation.

Magistrates’ courts

If you’re charged, you’ll be requested to look earlier than a magistrates’ courtroom. That is the place much less critical offences (for instance, minor legal injury, or rushing offences) are tried. There isn’t a jury at a magistrates’ courtroom.

In case your case is extra critical or complicated, or you’ve requested trial by jury, your case may very well be despatched to a crown courtroom.

Crown courts

Crown courts take care of extra critical instances. For those who plead not responsible your case will probably be heard in entrance of a decide and jury of 12 individuals, who will determine whether or not you might be responsible or harmless, after they’ve heard all of the proof.

Why ought to I’ve a solicitor in courtroom?

A legal legislation solicitor will advise you about particulars of the case that the prosecuting authority alleges towards you, and your choices to plead responsible or not responsible to the cost. They’ll advise you concerning the doubtless sentence it’s possible you’ll face if you happen to plead, or are discovered, responsible.

If you’re pleading not responsible, your solicitor will help you to grasp the authorized procedures and enable you to put together your facet of the story, with the intention to have a good trial. They’ll enable you to to grasp the proof that the police and prosecution are presenting towards you and can collect proof that helps your case.

Solicitors will help by contacting witnesses or searching for knowledgeable stories to problem the proof towards you. They could in some instances recommend instructing an advocate – a barrister or solicitor advocate – who will current your case within the courtroom.

For those who plead or are discovered responsible, your solicitor will help you by gathering and presenting materials to the courtroom stating any mitigating circumstances and explanations to influence the courtroom to scale back any sentence of imprisonment or high-quality.

How do I discover a solicitor to assist me with legal legislation?

To discover a solicitor who will help you with legal legislation, go to the Legislation Society’s Discover a Solicitor web site and use the short search possibility “Crime” to search out your nearest legal legislation solicitor.

By selecting a legislation agency which belongs to the Prison Litigation Scheme, your solicitor will meet the excessive requirements for legal legislation set by the Legislation Society.


Whereas we’ve made each effort to offer correct data, the legislation is at all times altering and impacts every individual in another way. This data isn’t any substitute for particular recommendation about you personally and we is not going to be liable to you if you happen to depend on this data.

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